1. 1

    मैत्रेय उवाच सनकाद्या नारदश्च ऋभुर्हंसोऽरुणिर्यतिः । नैते गृहान् ब्रह्मसुता ह्यावसन्नूर्ध्वरेतसः ।। ४-८-१ ।।

    The great sage Maitreya said: The four great Kumāra sages headed by Sanaka, as well as Nārada, Ṛbhu, Haṁsa, Aruṇi and Yati, all sons of Brahmā, did not live at home, but became ūrdhva-retā, or naiṣṭhika-brahmacārīs, unadulterated celibates. ।। 4-8-1 ।।

  2. 2

    मृषाधर्मस्य भार्यासीद्दम्भं मायां च शत्रुहन् । असूत मिथुनं तत्तु निरृतिर्जगृहेऽप्रजः ।। ४-८-२ ।।

    Another son of Lord Brahmā was Irreligion, whose wife’s name was Falsity. From their combination were born two demons named Dambha, or Bluffing, and Māyā, or Cheating. These two demons were taken by a demon named Nirṛti, who had no children. ।। 4-8-2 ।।

  3. 3

    तयोः समभवल्लोभो निकृतिश्च महामते । ताभ्यां क्रोधश्च हिंसा च यद्दुरुक्तिः स्वसा कलिः ।। ४-८-३ ।।

    Maitreya told Vidura: O great soul, from Dambha and Māyā were born Greed and Nikṛti, or Cunning. From their combination came children named Krodha [Anger] and Hiṁsā [Envy], and from their combination were born Kali and his sister Durukti (Harsh Speech). ।। 4-8-3 ।।

  4. 4

    दुरुक्तौ कलिराधत्त भयं मृत्युं च सत्तम । तयोश्च मिथुनं जज्ञे यातना निरयस्तथा ।। ४-८-४ ।।

    O greatest of all good men, by the combination of Kali and Harsh Speech were born children named Mṛtyu (Death) and Bhīti (Fear). From the combination of Mṛtyu and Bhīti came children named Yātanā (Excessive Pain) and Niraya (Hell). ।। 4-8-4 ।।

  5. 5

    सङ्ग्रहेण मयाऽऽख्यातः प्रतिसर्गस्तवानघ । त्रिः श्रुत्वैतत्पुमान् पुण्यं विधुनोत्यात्मनो मलम् ।। ४-८-५ ।।

    My dear Vidura, I have summarily explained the causes of devastation. One who hears this description three times attains piety and washes the sinful contamination from his soul. ।। 4-8-5 ।।