1. 11

    मैत्रेय उवाच गुणव्यतिकराकारो निर्विशेषोऽप्रतिष्ठितः । पुरुषस्तदुपादानमात्मानं लीलयासृजत् ।। ३-१०-११ ।।

    Maitreya said: Eternal time is the primeval source of the interactions of the three modes of material nature. It is unchangeable and limitless, and it works as the instrument of the Supreme Personality of Godhead for His pastimes in the material creation. ।। 3-10-11 ।।

  2. 12

    विश्वं वै ब्रह्म तन्मात्रं संस्थितं विष्णुमायया । ईश्वरेण परिच्छिन्नं कालेनाव्यक्तमूर्तिना ।। ३-१०-१२ ।।

    This cosmic manifestation is separated from the Supreme Lord as material energy by means of kāla, which is the unmanifested, impersonal feature of the Lord. It is situated as the objective manifestation of the Lord under the influence of the same material energy of Viṣṇu. ।। 3-10-12 ।।

  3. 13

    यथेदानीं तथाग्रे च पश्चादप्येतदीदृशम् । सर्गो नवविधस्तस्य प्राकृतो वैकृतस्तु यः ।। ३-१०-१३ ।।

    This cosmic manifestation is as it is now, it was the same in the past, and it will continue in the same way in the future. There are nine different kinds of creations besides the one which naturally occurs due to the interactions of the modes. ।। 3-10-13 ।।

  4. 14

    कालद्रव्यगुणैरस्य त्रिविधः प्रतिसङ्क्रमः । आद्यस्तु महतः सर्गो गुणवैषम्यमात्मनः ।। ३-१०-१४ ।।

    There are three kinds of annihilations due to eternal time, the material elements and the quality of one’s work. Of the nine creations, the first one is the creation of the mahat-tattva, or the sum total of the material ingredients, wherein the modes interact due to the presence of the Supreme Lord. ।। 3-10-14 ।।

  5. 15

    द्वितीयस्त्वहमो यत्र द्रव्यज्ञानक्रियोदयः । भूतसर्गस्तृतीयस्तु तन्मात्रो द्रव्यशक्तिमान् ।। ३-१०-१५ ।।

    In the second, the false ego is generated, in which the material ingredients, material knowledge and material activities arise. The sense perceptions are created in the third creation, and from these the elements are generated. ।। 3-10-15 ।।