1. 21

    तदा क्रिया तपो निष्ठा नातिहिंस्रा न लम्पटाः । त्रैवर्गिकास्त्रयीवृद्धा वर्णा ब्रह्मोत्तरा नृप ।। १२-३-२१ ।।

    In the Tretā age people are devoted to ritual performances and severe austerities. They are not excessively violent or very lusty after sensual pleasure. Their interest lies primarily in religiosity, economic development and regulated sense gratification, and they achieve prosperity by following the prescriptions of the three Vedas. Although in this age society evolves into four separate classes, O King, most people are brāhmaṇas. ।। 12-3-21 ।।

  2. 22

    तपःसत्यदयादानेष्वर्धं ह्रसति द्वापरे । हिंसातुष्ट्यनृतद्वेषैर्धर्मस्याधर्मलक्षणैः ।। १२-३-२२ ।।

    Translation In Dvāpara-yuga the religious qualities of austerity, truth, mercy and charity are reduced to one half by their irreligious counterparts — dissatisfaction, untruth, violence and enmity. ।। 12-3-22 ।।

  3. 23

    यशस्विनो महाशालाः स्वाध्यायाध्ययने रताः । आढ्याः कुटुम्बिनो हृष्टा वर्णाः क्षत्रद्विजोत्तराः ।। १२-३- २३ ।।

    In the Dvāpara age people are interested in glory and are very noble. They devote themselves to the study of the Vedas, possess great opulence, support large families and enjoy life with vigor. Of the four classes, the kṣatriyas and brāhmaṇas are most numerous. ।। 12-3-23 ।।

  4. 24

    कलौ तु धर्महेतुनां तुर्यांशोऽधर्महेतुभिः । एधमानैः क्षीयमाणो ह्यन्ते सोऽपि विनङ्क्ष्यति ।। १२-३-२४ ।।

    In the Age of Kali only one fourth of the religious principles remains. That last remnant will continuously be decreased by the ever-increasing principles of irreligion and will finally be destroyed. ।। 12-3-24 ।।

  5. 25

    तस्मिन् लुब्धा दुराचारा निर्दयाः शुष्कवैरिणः । दुर्भगा भूरितर्षाश्च शूद्रदाशोत्तराः प्रजाः ।। १२-३-२५ ।।

    In the Kali age people tend to be greedy, ill-behaved and merciless, and they fight one another without good reason. Unfortunate and obsessed with material desires, the people of Kali-yuga are almost all śūdras and barbarians. ।। 12-3-25 ।।