1. 141

    एकदेशं तु वेदस्य वेदाङ्गान्यपि वा पुनः । योऽध्यापयति वृत्त्यर्थमुपाध्यायः स उच्यते ॥ १४१ ॥

    But he who for his livelihood teaches a portion only of the Veda, or also the Angas of the Veda, is called the sub-teacher (upadhyaya).

  2. 142

    निषेकादीनि कर्माणि यः करोति यथाविधि । सम्भावयति चान्नेन स विप्रो गुरुरुच्यते ॥ १४२ ॥

    That Brahmana, who performs in accordance with the rules (of the Veda) the rites, the Garbhadhana (conception-rite), and so forth, and gives food (to the child), is called the Guru (the venerable one).

  3. 143

    अग्न्याधेयं पाकयज्ञानग्निष्टोमादिकान् मखान् । यः करोति वृतो यस्य स तस्यर्त्विगिहोच्यते ॥ १४३ ॥

    He who, being (duly) chosen (for the purpose), performs the Agnyadheya, the Pakayagnas, (and) the (Srauta) sacrifices, such as the Agnishtoma (for another man), is called (his) officiating priest.

  4. 144

    य आवृणोत्यवितथं ब्रह्मणा श्रवणावुभौ । स माता स पिता ज्ञेयस्तं न द्रुह्येत् कदा चन ॥ १४४ ॥

    That (man) who truthfully fills both his ears with the Veda, (the pupil) shall consider as his father and mother; he must never offend him.

  5. 145

    उपाध्यायान् दशाचार्य आचार्याणां शतं पिता । सहस्रं तु पितॄन् माता गौरवेणातिरिच्यते ॥ १४५ ॥

    The teacher (akarya) is ten times more venerable than a sub-teacher (upadhyaya), the father a hundred times more than the teacher, but the mother a thousand times more than the father.