1. 31

    वेदाभ्यासस्तपो ज्ञानं शौचमिन्द्रियनिग्रहः । धर्मक्रियाऽत्मचिन्ता च सात्त्विकं गुणलक्षणम् ॥ ३१ ॥

    The study of the Vedas, austerity, (the pursuit of) knowledge, purity, control over the organs, the performance of meritorious acts and meditation on the Soul, (are) the marks of the quality of Goodness.

  2. 32

    आरम्भरुचिताऽधैर्यमसत्कार्यपरिग्रहः । विषयोपसेवा चाजस्रं राजसं गुणलक्षणम् ॥ ३२ ॥

    Delighting in undertakings, want of firmness, commission of sinful acts, and continual indulgence in sensual pleasures, (are) the marks of the quality of Activity.

  3. 33

    लोभः स्वप्नोऽधृतिः क्रौर्यं नास्तिक्यं भिन्नवृत्तिता । याचिष्णुता प्रमादश्च तामसं गुणलक्षणम् ॥ ३३ ॥

    Covetousness, sleepiness, pusillanimity, cruelty, atheism, leading an evil life, a habit of soliciting favours, and inattentiveness, are the marks of the quality of Darkness.

  4. 34

    त्रयाणामपि चैतेषां गुणानां त्रिषु तिष्ठताम् । इदं सामासिकं ज्ञेयं क्रमशो गुणलक्षणम् ॥ ३४ ॥

    Know, moreover, the following to be a brief description of the three qualities, each in its order, as they appear in the three (times, the present, past, and future).

  5. 35

    यत् कर्म कृत्वा कुर्वंश्च करिष्यंश्चैव लज्जति । तज् ज्ञेयं विदुषा सर्वं तामसं गुणलक्षणम् ॥ ३५ ॥

    When a (man), having done, doing, or being about to do any act, feels ashamed, the learned may know that all (such acts bear) the mark of the quality of Darkness.