1. 1

    अर्जुन उवाच । किं तद् ब्रह्म किमध्यात्मं किं कर्म पुरुषोत्तम । अधिभूतं च किं प्रोक्तमधिदैवं किमुच्यते ॥ ८-१॥

    Arjuna said O best among men, What is that Brahman? What is Adhyatma? What is action ? What is declared to be Adhibhuta? And, what is Adhidaiva said to be?

  2. 2

    अधियज्ञः कथं कोऽत्र देहेऽस्मिन्मधुसूदन । प्रयाणकाले च कथं ज्ञेयोऽसि नियतात्मभिः ॥ ८-२॥

    O Madhusudana (destroyer of Madhu) Who and how is Adhiyajna here in this body, And at the time of death, how are You to be known by people of concentrated minds?

  3. 3

    श्रीभगवानुवाच । अक्षरं ब्रह्म परमं स्वभावोऽध्यात्ममुच्यते । भूतभावोद्भवकरो विसर्गः कर्मसंज्ञितः ॥ ८-३॥

    Shri Bhagvan said Bramh is the Imperishable, the Supreme; Its essential nature (Svabhava) is called Self-knowledge ( Adhyatma) ; the offering (to the gods) which causes existence and manifestation of beings and which also sustains them is called action (Karma).

  4. 4

    अधिभूतं क्षरो भावः पुरुषश्चाधिदैवतम् । अधियज्ञोऽहमेवात्र देहे देहभृतां वर ॥ ८-४॥

    O best among the embodied (men), Adhibhuta (knowledge of the elements) pertains to My perishable Nature and the Purusha or the Soul is the Adhidaiva; I alone am the Adhiyagya here in this body.

  5. 5

    अन्तकाले च मामेव स्मरन्मुक्त्वा कलेवरम् । यः प्रयाति स मद्भावं याति नास्त्यत्र संशयः ॥ ८-५॥

    And at the time of death, anyone who departs by giving up the body while thinking of Me alone, he attains My state. There is no doubt about this.